Key words

Mise-en-scene: 'Putting in the scene.' Basically everything you see in the frame.

Dialogue: Speaking (What the characters say).

Digetic Sound: Sound that's in the world of TV drama. (what they can hear).

Incidental music: Music that's added on.

Non-digetic sound: Could be sound effects, voice overs, theme tunes etc.

Narrative/structure: Story line

Theme: Ideals/morals explored

Cinematography: Camera work


Camera movements

Crab: The camera moves sideways, like a crab does.

Pan: The camera stays in the same spot but pivots left or right.

Tilt: The camera stays in the same spot but tilts up or down.

Dolly: Also known as tracking, the camera moves backwards or forwards.

Boom: The camera moves vertically.

Textual analysis

Textual analysis is the process of breaking down a text into its various elements and studying them to analyse how meaning is created. when analysing moving image media (such as film or television) er must examine the following areas:
  • Camera work (shots, angles, movements)
  • Editing (hows shots have been put together)
  • Sound (both digetic and non-digetic)
  • Special effects (if there are any)
  • Mise-en-scene (costume, make-up, facial expression, props, setting, performance and lighting)

XLS: Extra long shot/wide shot/establishing shot

LS: Long shot

MLS: Medium long shot

MS: Mid shot

MCU: Medium close up

BCU: Big close up

ECU: Extreme close up

P.O.V. Shot: Camera shoots from a characters P.O.V.(Point of view)

Over-the-shoulder shot: Camerashoots over a character's shoulder.

Low: Camera looking up at subject, making it look bigger.
Eye-level: Camera is pointed directly at subject.
High: Camera is looking down on subject, making it look smaller.
Worm's eye: Extreme low angle, camera is very low, looking up.
Canted: Camera is tilted to make subject look slanted.
Bird's eye: Extreme high angle, looking straight down.


What is the purpose of a title sequence?

  • to introduce the programme
  • tells us the genre/sub-genre of the show
  • tells us location/setting
  • tells us information about the characters
  • it's a warning that the shows about to start
  • it gives the show a recognisable identity
  • it can give the information about the tone/style/pace
  • tells us the period of time the show is set in



  • He's topless whilst getting ready (shaving, making coffee + breakfast, whilst flossing, whilst putting shoes on)

  • Puts on shoes and ties them

  • Puts on his top (looks like he's suffocating himself)

  • At the end when he walks out of his house, he is dressed in white which makes him look innocent.


  • Wakes up in bedroom

  • Shaves in bathroom

  • Cooks in kitchen

  • Flosses teeth in bathroom

  • Walks outside


  • Dark lighting in the kitchen

  • Bright in the bathroom

  • Daytime lighting at the beginning

  • Dark in the room, although it's daytime

  • Low lighting

  • Dark inside, light outside


  • Razor

  • tissue

  • meat

  • eggs

  • knife

  • orange

  • laces

  • flossing string

  • coffee maker

  • frying pan

  • scalpel


  • Shaves his neck like he's cutting someone's throat

  • He ties his shoe laces as if he's strangling a person

  • He cuts the orange like a murderer

  • The first thing he does is kill a mosquito

  • He cleans the blood from his neck with a tissue

  • When he was putting on his shirt, he acts like he's suffocating himself

  • He uses floss to clean his teeth

Facial expressions:

  • Smiles: makes him look like he knows what he's doing

  • His eyes are mysterious and eyebrows are bent

  • His face is focused forward and it makes him look like a killer

Make Up:

  • His eyebrows are thick, his face is fresh - different colour from his beard

  • His face is greasy and his lips are shiny