Textual analysis

Textual analysis is the process of breaking down a text into its various elements and studying them to analyse how meaning is created. when analysing moving image media (such as film or television) er must examine the following areas:
  • Camera work (shots, angles, movements)
  • Editing (hows shots have been put together)
  • Sound (both digetic and non-digetic)
  • Special effects (if there are any)
  • Mise-en-scene (costume, make-up, facial expression, props, setting, performance and lighting)

XLS: Extra long shot/wide shot/establishing shot

LS: Long shot

MLS: Medium long shot

MS: Mid shot

MCU: Medium close up

BCU: Big close up

ECU: Extreme close up

P.O.V. Shot: Camera shoots from a characters P.O.V.(Point of view)

Over-the-shoulder shot: Camerashoots over a character's shoulder.

Low: Camera looking up at subject, making it look bigger.
Eye-level: Camera is pointed directly at subject.
High: Camera is looking down on subject, making it look smaller.
Worm's eye: Extreme low angle, camera is very low, looking up.
Canted: Camera is tilted to make subject look slanted.
Bird's eye: Extreme high angle, looking straight down.

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